Seven Spiritual Needs

Based on more than 30 years of psychological counselling and pastoral care, Howard Clinebell believed that humans have seven spiritual hungers in common.


Specifically, Clinebell felt that human beings long to:


  1. Experience the healing and empowerment of love—from others, self, and an ultimate source.
  2. Experience renewing times of transcendence—expansive moments beyond the immediate sensory spheres.
  3. Have vital beliefs that lend meaning and hope in the midst of losses, tragedies, and failures.
  4. Have values, priorities, and life commitments centred in issues of justice, integrity, and love to provide guidance in personally and socially responsible living.
  5. Discover and develop inner wisdom, creativity, and love of self.
  6. Develop a deepening awareness of oneness with other people, the natural world, and all living things.
  7. Have spiritual resources to help heal grief, guilt, resentment, forgiveness, self-rejection, and shame and deepen experiences of trust, self-esteem, hope, joy and love of life.


Are there particular areas of “spiritual hunger” in your life that need your attention?